Comptes Rendus. Mathématique

Glass

Glass, neither liquid nor solid, shares the properties of both of these states, in a frozen disorder sometimes still difficult to understand. Corresponding to the fourth state of matter according to a proposal by Park and Huffman in 1926, it still poses many questions to scientists while accompanying us in our daily lives for over 10,000 years. First used in its natural form, obsidian, as a tool since the Neolithic period, its elaboration developed about 5,000 years ago between Mesopotamia and Egypt for aesthetic purposes: glass beads and other jewels probably allowed our distant ancestors to lift their spirits.

Glass then contributed greatly to the improvement of our living conditions, both for the packaging of food (facilitating its preservation and transportation) and for the realization of the first electric light bulbs, allowing millions of schoolchildren to stop studying by candlelight!

This material, one of the most important, versatile and transformative in history, is today a fundamental element in many fields, and also has an infinite capacity to be recycled. Glass as a material thus represents a major asset to meet many technical and industrial challenges, some of which are closely linked to the energy transition:

Glass is also a major asset in healthcare, in the form of bioactive glass, sensors, dental or bone implants, and other pharmaceutical applications to repair and rebuild humans.

Glasses are usually formed by rapid cooling of a liquid, but it is possible to make an almost infinite number of glasses, with all the elements of the periodic table and whatever the chemical bonds. So glass is not just the material we use in our daily lives, but rather a disordered state of matter.

This collection of articles published in several different series of the Comptes Rendus aims to make the reader discover that glass corresponds to a state of matter and is a multifaceted material. The variety of disciplines involved echoes this versatility.

Daniel R. Neuville, Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris

 

Glass as a biomaterial: strategies for optimising bioactive glasses for clinical applications

Delia S. Brauer; Leena Hupa

Comptes Rendus. Géoscience, Tome 354 (2022) p. 1-13

Structure from glass to melt: a case study along the MgSiO3–CaSiO3 join using neutron and X-ray diffraction

Laurent Cormier; Louis Hennet; Gerald Lelong; Gabriel J. Cuello; Alexei Bytchkov

Comptes Rendus. Géoscience, Tome 354 (2022) p. 1-20

Insights from the quantitative calibration of an elasto-plastic model from a Lennard-Jones atomic glass

David Fernández Castellanos; Stéphane Roux; Sylvain Patinet

Comptes Rendus. Physique, Tome 22 (2021) p. 135-162

The rose of the Sainte-Chapelle in Paris: sophisticated stained glasses for late medieval painters

Myrtille Odile Jacqueline Yvonne Hunault; Fanny Bauchau; Karine Boulanger; Michel Hérold; Georges Calas; Quentin Lemasson; Claire Pacheco; Claudine Loisel

Comptes Rendus. Géoscience, Tome 354 (2022) p. 1-20

Vitrification of wastes: from unwanted to controlled crystallization, a review

John S. McCloy; Sophie Schuller

Comptes Rendus. Géoscience, Tome 354 (2022) p. 1-40

Redox behavior of degassing magmas: critical review and comparison of glass-based oxybarometers with application to Etna volcano

Roberto Moretti

Comptes Rendus. Géoscience, Tome 354 (2022) p. 1-31

Water solution mechanism in calcium aluminosilicate glasses and melts: insights from in and ex situ Raman and 29Si NMR spectroscopy

Charles Le Losq; Bjorn O. Mysen; George D. Cody

Comptes Rendus. Géoscience, Tome 354 (2022) p. 1-27

Sourcing obsidian from Tell Aswad and Qdeir 1 (Syria) by SEM-EDS and EDXRF: Methodological implications

Marie Orange; TristanCarter; François-Xavier Le Bourdonnec

Comptes Rendus. Palevol, Tome 12 (2013) p. 173-180

Blade production and the consumption of obsidian in Stentinello period Neolithic Sicily

Kyle P. Freund; Robert H.Tykot; A.Vianello

Comptes Rendus. Palevol, Tome 14 (2015) p. 216-217

Relation between mechanical response of reinforced elastomers and dynamics of confined polymer chains

Helene Montes; Francois Lequeux

Comptes Rendus. Physique, Tome 22 (2021) p. 33-50

The photocatalytic degradation of a binary textile dyes mixture within a new configuration of loop reactor using ZnO thin film-phytotoxicity control

Sonia Cherif; Pierre Bonnet; Lawrence Frezet; Abdoulaye Kane; Aymen Amine Assadi; Mohamed Trari; Hynda Yazid; Hayet Djelal

Comptes Rendus. Chimie, Tome 25 (2022) p. 261-279

Challenges and opportunities in atomistic simulations of glasses: a review

Han Liu; Zhangji Zhao; Qi Zhou; Ruoxia Chen; Kai Yang; Zhe Wang; Longwen Tang; Mathieu Bauchy

Comptes Rendus. Géoscience, Tome 354 (2022) p. 1-43

Thio and selenosilicates, sulfide and selenide counterparts of silicates: similarities and differences

Annie Pradel; Andrea Piarristeguy

Comptes Rendus. Géoscience, Tome 354 (2022) p. 1-21

Distributed fiber optics strain sensors: from long to short distance

Wilfried Blanc; Luca Schenato; Carlo Molardi; Luca Palmieri; Andrea Galtarossa; Daniele Tosi

Comptes Rendus. Géoscience, Tome 354 (2022) p. 1-23

Rheological changes in melts and magmas induced by crystallization and strain rate

Francesco Vetere; Gianluca Iezzi; Diego Perugini; Francois Holtz

Comptes Rendus. Géoscience, Tome 354 (2022) p. 1-22

Chalcogenide glasses and glass-ceramics: Transparent materials in the infrared for dual applications

Laurent Calvez

Comptes Rendus. Physique, Tome 18 (2017) p. 314-322.

Dynamics of cracks in disordered materials

Daniel Bonamy

Comptes Rendus. Physique, Tome 18 (2017) p. 297-313.

Importance of oxidoreduction phenomena in glass

Marie-Hélène Chopinet, Dominica Lizarazu, Cécile Rocanière

Comptes Rendus. Chimie, Tome 5 (2002) p. 939-949.

Compositional effects and spectroscopy of rare earths (Er3+, Tm3+, and Nd3+) in tellurite glasses

Shaoxiong Shena, Animesh Jhaa, Edward Zhang, Steve J. Wilson

Comptes Rendus. Chimie, Tome 5 (2002) p. 921-938.

Scandium fluorophosphate glasses: a structural approach

Marcelo Nalin, Sidney José Lima Ribeiro, Younès Messaddeq, José Schneider, Pedro Donoso

Comptes Rendus. Chimie, Tome 5 (2002) p. 915-920.

Infrared glass fibers for in-situ sensing, chemical and biochemical reactions

David Le Coq, Karine Michel, Julie Keirsse, Catherine Boussard-Plédel, Gilles Fonteneau, Bruno Bureau, Jean-Michel Le Quéré, Olivier Sire, Jacques Lucas

Comptes Rendus. Chimie, Tome 5 (2002) p. 907-913.

Preparation of zinc sodium polyphosphates glasses from coacervates precursors. Characterisation of the obtained glasses, and their applications

Grégoire Willot, François Gomez, Pierre Vasta, Véronique Andries, Marco Martines, Younès Messaddeq, Marcel Poulain

Comptes Rendus. Chimie, Tome 5 (2002) p. 899-906.

Frequency upconversion in rare-earth doped fluoroindate glasses

Cid B. de Araújo, Glauco S. Maciel, Leonardo de S. Menezes, Nikifor Rakov, Edilson L. Falcão-Filho, Vladimir A. Jerez, Younès Messaddeq

Comptes Rendus. Chimie, Tome 5 (2002) p. 885-898.

Applications of chalcogenide glass optical fibers

Jas S. Sangher, L. Brandon Shaw, Ishwar D'Aggarwal

Comptes Rendus. Chimie, Tome 5 (2002) p. 873-883.

Clustering of rare earths in GeAs sulfide glass

Bruce G. Aitken, Carl W. Ponader, Richard S.Quimby

Comptes Rendus. Chimie, Tome 5 (2002) p. 865-872.

From gel to glass

Jean Phalippou

Comptes Rendus. Chimie, Tome 5 (2002) p. 855-863.

Rare-earth-doped transparent glass ceramics

M. Clara Gonçalves, Luís F. Santos, Rui M. Almeida

Comptes Rendus. Chimie, Tome 5 (2002) p. 845-854.

Structure–property relationships in multicomponent oxide glasses

Georges Calas, Laurent Cormier, Laurence Galoisy, Patrick Jollivet

Comptes Rendus. Chimie, Tome 5 (2002) p. 831-843.

Network entropy and connectivity: the underlying factors determining compositional trends in the glass-transition temperature

Matthieu Micoulaut

Comptes Rendus. Chimie, Tome 5 (2002) p. 825-830.

Rare-earth-doped glasses for fiber amplifiers in broadband telecommunication

Setsuhisa Tanabe

Comptes Rendus. Chimie, Tome 5 (2002) p. 815-824.

Compositional effects and spectroscopy of rare earths (Er3+, Tm3+, and Nd3+) in tellurite glasses

Shaoxiong Shena, Animesh Jhaa, Edward Zhang, Steve J. Wilson

Comptes Rendus. Chimie, Tome 5 (2002) p. 921-938.

Scandium fluorophosphate glasses: a structural approach

Marcelo Nalin, Sidney José Lima Ribeiro, Younès Messaddeq, José Schneider, Pedro Donoso

Comptes Rendus. Chimie, Tome 5 (2002) p. 915-920.

Infrared glass fibers for in-situ sensing, chemical and biochemical reactions

David Le Coq, Karine Michel, Julie Keirsse, Catherine Boussard-Plédel, Gilles Fonteneau, Bruno Bureau, Jean-Michel Le Quéré, Olivier Sire, Jacques Lucas

Comptes Rendus. Chimie, Tome 5 (2002) p. 907-913.

Preparation of zinc sodium polyphosphates glasses from coacervates precursors. Characterisation of the obtained glasses, and their applications

Grégoire Willot, François Gomez, Pierre Vasta, Véronique Andries, Marco Martines, Younès Messaddeq, Marcel Poulain

Comptes Rendus. Chimie, Tome 5 (2002) p. 899-906.

Frequency upconversion in rare-earth doped fluoroindate glasses

Cid B. de Araújo, Glauco S. Maciel, Leonardo de S. Menezes, Nikifor Rakov, Edilson L. Falcão-Filho, Vladimir A. Jerez, Younès Messaddeq

Comptes Rendus. Chimie, Tome 5 (2002) p. 885-898.

Applications of chalcogenide glass optical fibers

Jas S. Sangher, L. Brandon Shaw, Ishwar D'Aggarwal

Comptes Rendus. Chimie, Tome 5 (2002) p. 873-883.

Clustering of rare earths in GeAs sulfide glass

Bruce G. Aitken, Carl W. Ponader, Richard S.Quimby

Comptes Rendus. Chimie, Tome 5 (2002) p. 865-872.

From gel to glass

Jean Phalippou

Comptes Rendus. Chimie, Tome 5 (2002) p. 855-863.

Rare-earth-doped transparent glass ceramics

M. Clara Gonçalves, Luís F. Santos, Rui M. Almeida

Comptes Rendus. Chimie, Tome 5 (2002) p. 845-854.

Structure–property relationships in multicomponent oxide glasses

Georges Calas, Laurent Cormier, Laurence Galoisy, Patrick Jollivet

Comptes Rendus. Chimie, Tome 5 (2002) p. 831-843.

Network entropy and connectivity: the underlying factors determining compositional trends in the glass-transition temperature

Matthieu Micoulaut

Comptes Rendus. Chimie, Tome 5 (2002) p. 825-830.

Rare-earth-doped glasses for fiber amplifiers in broadband telecommunication

Setsuhisa Tanabe

Comptes Rendus. Chimie, Tome 5 (2002) p. 815-824.

Photoinduced fluidity in chalcogenide glasses

Keiji Tanaka

Comptes Rendus. Chimie, Tome 5 (2002) p. 805-811.

Solvent properties of glass melts: resemblance to aqueous solutions

John A. Duffy, Malcolm D. Ingram

Comptes Rendus. Chimie, Tome 5 (2002) p. 797-804.

Novel structural behaviour of iron in alkali–alkaline-earth–silica glasses

Paul A. Bingham, John M. Parker, Tim Searle, John M. Williams, Ian Smith

Comptes Rendus. Chimie, Tome 5 (2002) p. 787-796.

Glass sintering with concurrent crystallization

Miguel Oscar Prado, Edgar Dutra Zanotto

Comptes Rendus. Chimie, Tome 5 (2002) p. 773-786.

Crystal growth and classical nucleation theory

Michael C. Weinberg, W. Howard Poisl, Laszlo Granasy

Comptes Rendus. Chimie, Tome 5 (2002) p. 765-771.

Tin ions in float glass cause anomalies

Günther Heinz Frischat

Comptes Rendus. Chimie, Tome 5 (2002) p. 759-763.

Structure and properties of glasses in the system Li2O–SnO–B2O3

Akitoshi Hayashi, Miyuki Nakai, Masahiro Tatsumisago, Tsutomu Minami

Comptes Rendus. Chimie, Tome 5 (2002) p. 751-757.

1.3-μm-emission properties and local structure of Dy3+ in chalcohalide glasses

Jong Heo

Comptes Rendus. Chimie, Tome 5 (2002) p. 739-749.

Alkali and alkali–lead oxynitride phosphate glasses: a comparative structural study by NMR and XPS

Francisco Muñoz, Luis Pascual, Alicia Durán, Jean Rocherullé, Roger Marchand

Comptes Rendus. Chimie, Tome 5 (2002) p. 731-738.

Spectral migration of excitation energy among Nd3+ ions in fluoroarsenate glasses

Rolindes Balda, Luis Maria Lacha, Maria Angeles Arriandiaga, Joaquin Fernández, Jean-Luc Adam

Comptes Rendus. Chimie, Tome 5 (2002) p. 725-729.

Nanoscale phase separation effects near and 2.67, and rigidity transitions in chalcogenide glasses

Punit Boolchand, Daniel G. Georgiev, Tao Qu, Fei Wang, Liuchun Cai, Swapnajit Chakravarty

Comptes Rendus. Chimie, Tome 5 (2002) p. 713-724.

Optical properties and redox state of silicate glass melts

Anne Jans Faber

Comptes Rendus. Chimie, Tome 5 (2002) p. 705-712.

A survey of transition-metal-containing phosphate glasses

Cyrille Mercier, Gérard Palavit, Lionel Montagne, Claudine Follet-Houttemane

Comptes Rendus. Chimie, Tome 5 (2002) p. 693-703.

UV-absorption and radiation effects in different glasses doped with iron and tin in the ppm range

Doris Ehrt

Comptes Rendus. Chimie, Tome 5 (2002) p. 679-692.

Vapour-phase deposition of multicomponent fluoride glasses

Brigitte Boulard, Youping Gao

Comptes Rendus. Chimie, Tome 5 (2002) p. 675-678.