Outline
Comptes Rendus

Geochemical and isotopic record of anthropogenic activities – Thematic issue dedicated to Jean Carignan (1965–2012). Part 2: Traditional and non-traditional stable isotopes
Comptes Rendus. Géoscience, Volume 347 (2015) no. 7-8, pp. 315-316.
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Published online:
DOI: 10.1016/j.crte.2015.09.002
François Chabaux 1; Jeroen E. Sonke 2; Philippe Négrel 3; Christophe Cloquet 4

1 Laboratoire d’hydrologie et de géochimie de Strasbourg, EOST, Université de Strasbourg et CNRS, 1, rue Blessig, 67084 Strasbourg cedex, France
2 Laboratoire Géosciences Environnement Toulouse, Observatoire Midi-Pyrénées, CNRS/IRD/Université de Toulouse, 14, avenue Édouard-Belin, 31400 Toulouse, France
3 BRGM–LAB/DIR, avenue Claude-Guillemin, 45060 Orléans cedex 1, France
4 Service d’analyse des roches et des minéraux (SARM), CRPG-CNRS, 15, rue Notre-Dame-des-Pauvres, 54501 Vandoeuvre-lès-Nancy, France
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     title = {Geochemical and isotopic record of anthropogenic {activities~{\textendash}~Thematic} issue dedicated to {Jean} {Carignan} (1965{\textendash}2012). {Part} 2: {Traditional} and non-traditional stable isotopes},
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François Chabaux; Jeroen E. Sonke; Philippe Négrel; Christophe Cloquet. Geochemical and isotopic record of anthropogenic activities – Thematic issue dedicated to Jean Carignan (1965–2012). Part 2: Traditional and non-traditional stable isotopes. Comptes Rendus. Géoscience, Volume 347 (2015) no. 7-8, pp. 315-316. doi : 10.1016/j.crte.2015.09.002. https://comptes-rendus.academie-sciences.fr/geoscience/articles/10.1016/j.crte.2015.09.002/

Version originale du texte intégral


The second volume of the thematic issue of C. R. Geoscience on the “Geochemical and isotopic approaches developed for tracing the impacts of anthropogenic activity on the environment” is devoted to the approaches based on the use and development of stable isotopes to describe the functioning of ecosystems and hydrosystems as well as their perturbation by anthropogenic activities. This volume is comprised of nine papers, including papers on both traditional isotopes (C, H, O, N, S) and the so-called “new stable isotopes”.

The first three papers are examples of the use of traditional isotopes to study water dynamics and nitrate and sulfate biogeochemical cycling in hydro- and agrosystems. In the first article, Brenot et al. (2015) compare sampling protocols for soil solutions by two different methods, and evidence that each protocol samples different water reservoirs, with different hydrological dynamics, the study of which is important for the understanding of chemical dynamics in agricultural systems. In their paper, Paul et al. (2015) focus on nitrate dynamics in a cultivated catchment and give an example of the use of nitrogen isotopes for describing such dynamics. The third article (by Harker et al., 2015) demonstrates how coupled geochemical and isotopic studies are important to identify sources of water, nitrates and sulfates at a river basin scale. The following six papers are devoted to the use of non-traditional stable isotopes. The first paper by Lemarchand et al. (2015) highlights the potential of B isotope analyses coupled with that of Sr and major element contents to understand water–rock interactions in an aquifer. The following two papers report the use of Hg isotopes at two different scales. Whereas Wang et al. (2015) use Hg isotopes to identify the source of Hg precipitated in urban rainfall, Štrok et al. (2015) present the first data of coastal seawater Hg composition in the Canadian Artic Archipelago while showing the artefacts resulting from the sample conditioning. The last three papers illustrate various applications of metal isotopes such as Fe and Zn to environmental issues, whether it be at a river scale (Escoube et al., 2015) or in plants and soils, which play an important role in metal isotopic fractionation in the critical zone, as shown by Couder et al. (2015) for Zn and by Arnold et al. (2015) for both Fe and Zn.

This second volume1 as well as the first one (see Chabaux et al., 2015) features how large is the field in which various geochemical tools can be applied as well as the diversity of the issues they help to tackle. As the first one, it is dedicated to our colleague and friend Jean Carignan (1965–2012) who got deeply involved during his too short scientific career in developing geochemical and isotopic tools capable of tracing anthropogenic impacts on the environment.

1 M. Bau (Jacobs University, Bremen), M. Benedetti (Université Paris-Diderot), V. Busigny (IPG, Paris), M. Chaussidon (CNRS, IPG, Paris), C. Hissler (LIST, Luxembourg), S. Huon (UPMC, Paris), G. Imfeld (CNRS, Strasbourg), C. Jeandel (CNRS, Toulouse), G. Leroux (CNRS, Toulouse), J.-D. Meunier (CNRS, Aix-Marseille), S. Pichat (ENS Lyon), L. Reisberg (CNRS, Nancy), T. Rigaudier (CRPG, Nancy), J. Sivry (Université Paris-Diderot), P. Stille (CNRS, Strasbourg), D. Véron (CNRS, Aix-Marseille) are warmly thanked for their help in reviewing the manuscripts of this thematic issue. F.C. warmly thanks José Honnorez (UDS, University of Strasbourg) for his help with the English text of this foreword.

References


[Arnold et al., 2015] T. Arnold; T. Markovic; G.S.D. Kirk; M. Schönbächler; M. Rehkämper; F.J. Zhao; D.J. Weiss Iron and zinc isotope fractionation during uptake and translocation in rice (Oriza sativa) grown in oxic and anoxic soils, C. R. Geoscience, Volume 347 (2015) (this issue)

[Brenot et al., 2015] A. Brenot; M. Benoît; J. Carignan†; C. France-Lanord Insights into stable isotope characterization to monitor the signification of soil-water sampling for environmental studies dealing with soil-water dynamics through the unsaturated zone, C. R. Geoscience, Volume 347 (2015) (this issue)

[Chabaux et al., 2015] F. Chabaux; J.E. Sonke; P. Négrel; C. Cloquet Foreword: geochemical and isotopic record of anthropogenic activities. Part 1: radiogenic isotopes and elemental geochemistry, C. R. Geoscience, Volume 347 (2015) (this issue)

[Couder et al., 2015] E. Couder; N. Mattielli; T. Drouet; E. Smolders; B. Delvaux; A. Iserentant; C. Meeus; C. Maerschalk; S. Opfergelt; D. Houben Transpiration flow controls Zn transport in Brassica napus and Lolium multiflorum under toxic levels as evidenced from isotopic fractionation, C. R. Geoscience, Volume 347 (2015) (this issue)

[Escoube et al., 2015] R. Escoube; O.J. Rouxel; O.S. Pokrovsky; A. Schroth; R.M. Holmes; O.F.X. Donard Iron isotope systematics in Arctic rivers, C. R. Geoscience, Volume 347 (2015) (this issue)

[Harker et al., 2015] L. Harker; I. Hutcheon; B. Mayer Use of major ion and stable isotope geochemistry to delineate natural and anthropogenic sources of nitrate and sulfate in the Kettle River Basin, British Columbia, Canada, C. R. Geoscience, Volume 347 (2015) (this issue)

[Lemarchand et al., 2015] D. Lemarchand; A.D. Jacobson; D. Cividini; F. Chabaux The major ion 87Sr/86Sr and δ11B geochemistry of groundwater in the Wyodak-Anderson coal bed aquifer (Powder River Basin, Wyoming, USA), C. R. Geoscience, Volume 347 (2015) (this issue)

[Paul et al., 2015] A. Paul; I. Moussa; V. Payre; A. Probst; J.-L. Probst Flood survey of nitrate behaviour using nitrogen isotope tracing in the critical zone of a French agricultural catchment, C. R. Geoscience, Volume 347 (2015) (this issue)

[Štrok et al., 2015] M. Štrok; P.A. Baya; H. Hintelmann The mercury isotope composition of Arctic coastal seawater, C. R. Geoscience, Volume 347 (2015) (this issue)

[Wang et al., 2015] Z. Wang; J. Chen; X. Feng; H. Hintelmann; S. Yuan; H. Cai; Q. Huang; S. Wang; F. Wang Mass-dependent and mass-independent fractionation of mercury isotopes in precipitation from Guiyang, SW China, C. R. Geoscience, Volume 347 (2015) (this issue)

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