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Credits and Legal Notices


Académie des Sciences
23 quai de Conti
75006 Paris
Tel. +33 (0)1 44 41 43 59

The Académie des sciences is a French national public administrative institution, registered on March 3, 2017 by the INSEE Répertoire SIRENE (France), under the SIRET number 130 023 153 00013.

Publication Director : Étienne Ghys, Permanent Secretary of the Académie des Sciences for its First Division
Editor-in-Chief: Jean-Baptiste Leblond, Nicolas Moës

Head of the Académie's Publication Department : Justine Fabre


Website design and development

Centre Mersenne-Mathdoc
Joint Service Unit n°5638
(Unité mixte de service 5638, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique-Université Grenoble Alpes)
Bâtiment CETA
Domaine Universitaire
150, rue de la Chimie
38400 Saint-Martin-d’Hères
Tel. +33 (0)4 57 04 11 02



Joint Service Unit n°3758
(Unité mixte de service 3758, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique-Université Grenoble Alpes)
700 Avenue Centrale
38400 Saint-Martin-d'Hères
Tel. +33 (0)4 57 42 18 54


Terms and conditions of use 

   1. Personal data protection

In accordance with the French data protection and freedom of information law (loi n°78-17 du 6 janvier 1978 dite “Informatique et Libertés”) and the General Data Protection Regulation 2016/679, (entered into force on May 25, 2018), you have a right to to access, to rectify, to portability, and to delete any of your personal data that might appear on this website and/or be processed by Académie des sciences or Mathdoc, You also have a right to oppose to such personal data process; to ask for limitation to such process; to withdraw your consent to such process, and to ask, if applicable, for your account to be deleted.

To exercise such rights or for any further information, including on Académie des sciences’ privacy policy, you may send a message through the following email address:   

    2. Developer’s privacy policy

This website is a publication website developed by Mathdoc via its publishing infrastructure the Centre Mersenne. Therefore, the Centre Mersenne’s General Terms and Conditions of Use, available under the following link: are applicable to this website.

The Centre Mersenne has its own data privacy policy, available on the Mersenne Website under the following link:
For any further information, you may send an e-mail to:

    3. Liability

Under no circumstances, shall Académie des sciences, and/or Mathdoc and/or CNRS and UGA be liable for any damages that may result from or be in relation to the use or interpretation of this website and/or its contents.

    4. Intellectual property

This website is protected under French and international law on copyright and intellectual property. It is the exclusive property of CNRS and UGA. All rights of reproduction and distribution are reserved (except for strictly private use), including illustrations and photographs. Any reproduction or representation, of this website by any means whatsoever without authorization is forbidden subject to legal exceptions.

The contents of this website are operated by Académie des sciences and are also protected by intellectual property law. Any total or partial reproduction or representation without the express authorization of École polytechnique is forbidden, except if the particular license applicable to such contents permits it and subject to legal exceptions.

The initials “CNRS”, the words “Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique “ and the logo are registered as trademarks. It is thus prohibited to use or make reference to these denominations/name in any form or by any means whatsoever or for any purpose whatsoever without prior written agreement of CNRS.
It is also prohibited to refer to the names and logos of Mathdoc and the Centre Mersenne without prior written agreement of CNRS and UGA.

    5. Open Access content

Open access publications are free to read for everybody, without limitation. They can be reproduced and/or shared subject to the terms of the applicable license.

    6. Hyperlinks

You may display on your website hyperlinks to this website or its contents, provided you do so in a way that does not damage Académie des sciences and/or Mathdoc and/or CNRS and UGA’s interests and that guarantees a possibility for the user to identify the origin and the author of the document.

Hyperlinks to websites operated by third parties that may appear on this website do not incur any responsibility for, nor approval of, the information contained in those websites on the part of the publisher, Mathdoc and/or CNRS and UGA.