Comptes Rendus
Microstructural self-organization in granular materials during failure
Comptes Rendus. Mécanique, Volume 343 (2015) no. 2, pp. 143-154.

The present paper is concerned with the analysis of microstructural instabilities in granular materials and with their relation to both macroscopic localized and diffuse failure modes. A discrete-element (DEM) computer simulation of deformations in an idealized two-dimensional frictional particle assembly subject to various biaxial loadings—notably drained compression and proportional strain paths—is proposed as a prototype model to investigate the underlying physics of material failure. Based on the transfer of the second-order work criterion to the microscopic level, we seek for contacts tagged as c within the granular assembly that undergo instabilities during loading history. The DEM computations yield a description of failure as a microstructural self-organization process by which c contacts aggregate into clusters which can either grow or breakdown as the network of contacts adjusts itself to externally applied loads during deformation history. It is proposed here that there is a close relation between the clustering of c contacts and the resulting failure mode based on cluster size and spatial distribution. Localized deformations are found to correlate well with sustained growth of the above clusters, while diffuse failure has more to do with smaller clusters experiencing suppressed development. A comprehensive statistical analysis on the clusters lends support to this conclusion.

Received:
Accepted:
Published online:
DOI: 10.1016/j.crme.2014.09.009
Keywords: Localized failure, Diffuse failure, Second order work, Granular materials, Clusters, Microstructural instability, Shear band, Contacts aggregates, Mesoscale, Self-organization, Discrete element method, Proportional loading path

Nejib Hadda 1; François Nicot 2; Richard Wan 1; Félix Darve 3

1 Department of Civil Engineering, University of Calgary, Calgary, Canada
2 Geomechanics Group, ETNA, Irstea, Grenoble, France
3 Laboratoire Sols Solides Structures Risques, UJF–INPG–CNRS, Grenoble, France
@article{CRMECA_2015__343_2_143_0,
     author = {Nejib Hadda and Fran\c{c}ois Nicot and Richard Wan and F\'elix Darve},
     title = {Microstructural self-organization in granular materials during failure},
     journal = {Comptes Rendus. M\'ecanique},
     pages = {143--154},
     publisher = {Elsevier},
     volume = {343},
     number = {2},
     year = {2015},
     doi = {10.1016/j.crme.2014.09.009},
     language = {en},
}
TY  - JOUR
AU  - Nejib Hadda
AU  - François Nicot
AU  - Richard Wan
AU  - Félix Darve
TI  - Microstructural self-organization in granular materials during failure
JO  - Comptes Rendus. Mécanique
PY  - 2015
SP  - 143
EP  - 154
VL  - 343
IS  - 2
PB  - Elsevier
DO  - 10.1016/j.crme.2014.09.009
LA  - en
ID  - CRMECA_2015__343_2_143_0
ER  - 
%0 Journal Article
%A Nejib Hadda
%A François Nicot
%A Richard Wan
%A Félix Darve
%T Microstructural self-organization in granular materials during failure
%J Comptes Rendus. Mécanique
%D 2015
%P 143-154
%V 343
%N 2
%I Elsevier
%R 10.1016/j.crme.2014.09.009
%G en
%F CRMECA_2015__343_2_143_0
Nejib Hadda; François Nicot; Richard Wan; Félix Darve. Microstructural self-organization in granular materials during failure. Comptes Rendus. Mécanique, Volume 343 (2015) no. 2, pp. 143-154. doi : 10.1016/j.crme.2014.09.009. https://comptes-rendus.academie-sciences.fr/mecanique/articles/10.1016/j.crme.2014.09.009/

[1] F. Radjai; S. Roux; J.-J. Moreau Contact forces in a granular packing, Chaos, Volume 9 (1999) no. 3, pp. 544-550

[2] A. Tordesillas; M. Muthuswamy On the modeling of confined buckling of force chains, J. Mech. Phys. Solids, Volume 57 (2009), pp. 706-727

[3] A. Tordesillas; D.M. Walker; Q. Lin Force cycles and force chains, Phys. Rev. E, Volume 81 (2010), p. 011302

[4] A. Tordesillas; Q. Lin; J. Zhang; R.P. Behringer; J. Shi Structural stability and jamming of self-organized cluster conformations in dense granular materials, J. Mech. Phys. Solids, Volume 59 (2011), pp. 265-296

[5] N.P. Kruyt Micromechanical study of fabric evolution in quasi-static deformation of granular materials, Mech. Mater., Volume 44 (2012), pp. 120-129

[6] D. Bigoni; T. Hueckel Uniqueness and localization, I. Associative and non-associative elastoplasticity, Int. J. Solids Struct., Volume 28 (1991) no. 2, pp. 197-213

[7] R. Nova Controllability of the incremental response of soil specimens subjected to arbitrary loading programs, J. Mech. Behav. Mater., Volume 5 (1994) no. 2, pp. 193-201

[8] F. Darve; G. Servant; F. Laouafa; H.D.V. Khoa Failure in geomaterials, continuous and discrete analyses, Comput. Methods Appl. Mech. Eng., Volume 193 (2004), pp. 3057-3085

[9] F. Nicot; F. Darve A micro-mechanical investigation of bifurcation in granular materials, Int. J. Solids Struct., Volume 44 (2007), pp. 6630-6652

[10] F. Nicot; F. Darve Diffuse and localized failure modes: two competing mechanisms, Int. J. Numer. Anal. Methods Geomech., Volume 35 (2011) no. 5, pp. 586-601

[11] F. Nicot; L. Sibille; F. Darve Failure in rate-independent granular materials as a bifurcation toward a dynamic regime, Int. J. Plast., Volume 29 (2012), pp. 136-154

[12] R. Hill A general theory of uniqueness and stability in elastic-plastic solids, J. Mech. Phys. Solids, Volume 6 (1958), pp. 236-249

[13] A. Daouadji; F. Darve; H. Al Gali; P.Y. Hicher; F. Laouafa; S. Lignon; F. Nicot; R. Nova; M. Pinheiro; F. Prunier; L. Sibille; R. Wan Diffuse failure in geomaterials, experiments, theory and modelling, Int. J. Numer. Anal. Methods Geomech., Volume 35 (2011) no. 16, pp. 1731-1773

[14] J.R. Rice The localisation of plastic deformation (W.T. Koiter, ed.), Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, IUTAM Congress, 1976, pp. 207-220

[15] R. Wan; M. Pinheiro; A. Daouadji; M. Jrad; F. Darve Diffuse instabilities with transition to localization in loose granular materials, Int. J. Numer. Anal. Methods Geomech., Volume 37 (2013) no. 10, pp. 1292-1311

[16] H. Hadda; F. Nicot; F. Bourrier; L. Sibille; F. Radjai; F. Darve Micromechanical analysis of second order work in granular media, Granul. Matter, Volume 15 (2013), pp. 221-235

[17] F. Nicot; N. Hadda; F. Bourrier; L. Sibille; R. Wan; F. Darve Inertia effects as a possible missing link between micro and macro second-order work in granular media, Int. J. Solids Struct., Volume 49 (2012) no. 10, pp. 1252-1258

[18] A. Tordesillas; S. Pucilowski; L. Sibille; F. Nicot; F. Darve Multiscale characterization of diffuse granular failure, Philos. Mag., Volume 92 (2012) no. 36, pp. 4547-4587

[19] P.A. Cundall; O.D.L. Strack A discrete numerical model for granular assemblies, Geotechnique, Volume 29 (1979) no. 1, pp. 47-65

[20] V. Šmilauer, E. Catalano, B. Chareyre, S. Dorofeenko, J. Duriez, A. Gladky, J. Kozicki, C. Modenese, L. Scholtès, L. Sibille, J. Stránský, K. Thoeni, Yade Documentation, The Yade Project, 2010.

[21] P.A. Cundall A computer model for simulating progressive large scale movements in blocky rocky systems, Proceedings of the Symposium of the International, Society of Rock Mechanics, Nancy, France, 1971, pp. 129-136

[22] J. Desrues; J. Lanier; P. Stutz Localization of the deformation in tests on sand sample, Eng. Fract. Mech., Volume 21 (1985) no. 4, pp. 909-921

[23] J. Desrues Shear band initiation in granular materials: experimentation and theory (F. Darve, ed.), Geomaterials Constitutive Equations and Modelling, Taylor and Francis Books, Elsevier, 1990, pp. 283-310

[24] I. Vardoulakis Shear band inclination and shear modulus of sand in biaxial tests, Int. J. Numer. Anal. Methods Geomech., Volume 4 (1980) no. 2, pp. 103-119

[25] P.V. Lade Localization effects in triaxial tests on sand, Delft, The Netherlands (1982)

[26] F. Nicot; A. Daouadji; N. Hadda; M. Jrad; F. Darve Granular media failure along triaxial proportional strain paths, Eur. J. Environ. Civ. Eng., Volume 17 (2013) no. 9, pp. 777-790

[27] G. Gudehus A comparison of some constitutive laws under radially symmetric loading and unloading (I.W. Wittke, ed.), 3rd International Conference on Numerical Methods in Geomechanics, A.A. Balkema, Aachen, Germany, 1979, pp. 1309-1323

Cited by Sources:

Comments - Policy