Comptes Rendus
Short paper
Tooth defect detection in planetary gears by the current signature analysis: numerical modelling and experimental measurements
Comptes Rendus. Mécanique, Volume 349 (2021) no. 2, pp. 275-298.

Monitoring transmission systems is a huge scientific focus to prevent any anomaly and malfunctioning damaging the system. Several methods were used to investigate the gears behaviour and mainly its state. And until the last century, vibrations signals were the most performing technique in this field. However, nowadays, other alternatives are considered more accurate and accessible such as controlling the motor current signals to study the behaviour of the mechanical system. Within this context, this paper aims to study the electromechanical interaction between a double stage of planetary gearboxes driven by an asynchronous machine. The model used is based on a Park transformation for modelling the asynchronous machine and a torsional model to describe the dynamic behaviour of the double-stage planetary gearbox. Through this approach, the numerical simulations illustrate the impact of the tooth gear defect on the signature of the motor current. The results obtained from the simulations will be presented in the time domain and the frequency domain using the fast Fourier transform and the Hanning window to highlight the mechanical frequencies in the phase current spectrum. This work will be distinguished by validating the numerical results using experimental measurements, which will be displayed in order to justify the sensitivity of the model developed.

Published online:
DOI: 10.5802/crmeca.84
Keywords: Asynchronous motor, Experimental measurements, Gears defects, Motor current, Park transformation, Planetary gears

Safa Boudhraa 1, 2; Alfonso Fernandez del Rincon 1; Fakher Chaari 2; Mohamed Haddar 2; Fernando Viadero 1

1 Department of Structural and Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Industrial and Telecommunications Engineering, University of Cantabria, Avda de los Castros s/n 39005, Santander, Spain
2 Laboratory of Mechanics, Modelling and Production (LA2MP), National School of Engineers of Sfax, BP1173, 3038 Sfax, Tunisia
License: CC-BY 4.0
Copyrights: The authors retain unrestricted copyrights and publishing rights
     author = {Safa Boudhraa and Alfonso Fernandez del Rincon and Fakher Chaari and Mohamed Haddar and Fernando Viadero},
     title = {Tooth defect detection in planetary gears by the current signature analysis: numerical modelling and experimental measurements},
     journal = {Comptes Rendus. M\'ecanique},
     pages = {275--298},
     publisher = {Acad\'emie des sciences, Paris},
     volume = {349},
     number = {2},
     year = {2021},
     doi = {10.5802/crmeca.84},
     language = {en},
AU  - Safa Boudhraa
AU  - Alfonso Fernandez del Rincon
AU  - Fakher Chaari
AU  - Mohamed Haddar
AU  - Fernando Viadero
TI  - Tooth defect detection in planetary gears by the current signature analysis: numerical modelling and experimental measurements
JO  - Comptes Rendus. Mécanique
PY  - 2021
SP  - 275
EP  - 298
VL  - 349
IS  - 2
PB  - Académie des sciences, Paris
DO  - 10.5802/crmeca.84
LA  - en
ID  - CRMECA_2021__349_2_275_0
ER  - 
%0 Journal Article
%A Safa Boudhraa
%A Alfonso Fernandez del Rincon
%A Fakher Chaari
%A Mohamed Haddar
%A Fernando Viadero
%T Tooth defect detection in planetary gears by the current signature analysis: numerical modelling and experimental measurements
%J Comptes Rendus. Mécanique
%D 2021
%P 275-298
%V 349
%N 2
%I Académie des sciences, Paris
%R 10.5802/crmeca.84
%G en
%F CRMECA_2021__349_2_275_0
Safa Boudhraa; Alfonso Fernandez del Rincon; Fakher Chaari; Mohamed Haddar; Fernando Viadero. Tooth defect detection in planetary gears by the current signature analysis: numerical modelling and experimental measurements. Comptes Rendus. Mécanique, Volume 349 (2021) no. 2, pp. 275-298. doi : 10.5802/crmeca.84.

[1] F. Chaari; R. Zimroz; W. Bartelmus; T. Fakhfakh; M. Haddar Modeling of local damages in spur gears and effects on dynamics response in presence of varying load conditions, Proc. Surveill., Volume 6 (2011), pp. 1-19

[2] F. Chaari; T. Fakhfakh; M. Haddar Dynamic analysis of a planetary gear failure caused by tooth pitting and cracking, J. Fail. Anal. Prev., Volume 6 (2006) no. 2, pp. 73-78 | DOI

[3] A. Fernandez del Rincon; F. Viadero; M. Iglesias; A. de-Juan; P. Garcia; R. Sancibrian Effect of cracks and pitting defects on gear meshing, Proc. Inst. Mech. Eng., Part C: J. Mech. Eng. Sci., Volume 226 (2012) no. 11, pp. 2805-2815

[4] A. Fernandez-del-Rincon; P. Garcia; A. Diez-Ibarbia; A. De-Juan; M. Iglesias; F. Viadero Enhanced model of gear transmission dynamics for condition monitoring applications: effects of torque, friction and bearing clearance, Mech. Syst. Signal Process., Volume 85 (2017), pp. 445-467 | DOI | Zbl

[5] B. Li; X. Zhang; J. Wu New procedure for gear fault detection and diagnosis using instantaneous angular speed, Mech. Syst. Signal Process., Volume 85 (2017), pp. 415-428 | DOI

[6] Y. Gui; Q. K. Han; Z. Li; F. L. Chu Detection and localization of tooth breakage fault on wind turbine planetary gear system considering gear manufacturing errors, Shock Vib., Volume 2014 (2014), 692347

[7] Q. Miao; Q. H. Zhou Planetary gearbox vibration signal characteristics analysis and fault diagnosis, Shock Vib., Volume 2015 (2015), 126489

[8] C. Zhang; S. Wang; G. Bai An accelerated life test model for solid lubricated bearings based on dependence analysis and proportional hazard effect, Acta Astronaut., Volume 95 (2014), pp. 30-36 | DOI

[9] M. Attar A transfer matrix method for free vibration analysis and crack identification of stepped beams with multiple edge cracks and different boundary conditions, Int. J. Mech. Sci., Volume 57 (2012) no. 1, pp. 19-33 | DOI | MR

[10] X. Jiang; S. Li; Q. Wang A study on defect identification of planetary gearbox under large speed oscillation, Math. Probl. Eng., Volume 2016 (2016), 5289698 | DOI

[11] C. Kar; A. R. Mohanty Monitoring gear vibrations through motor current signature analysis and wavelet transform, Mech. Syst. Signal Process., Volume 20 (2006) no. 1, pp. 158-187 | DOI

[12] Y. Yi; D. Qin; C. Liu Investigation of electromechanical coupling vibration characteristics of an electric drive multistage gear system, Mech. Mach. Theory, Volume 121 (2018), pp. 446-459 | DOI

[13] H. Balan; M. I. Buzdugan; P. Karaisas Fault identification on electrical machines based on experimental analysis, Advances in Condition Monitoring of Machinery in Non-Stationary Operations, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2014, pp. 611-630 | DOI

[14] M. Blodt; P. Granjon; B. Raison; G. Rostaing Models for bearing damage detection in induction motors using stator current monitoring, IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., Volume 55 (2008) no. 4, pp. 1813-1822 | DOI

[15] J. Zhang; J. S. Dhupia; C. J. Gajanayake Model based current analysis of electrical machines to detect faults in planetary gearboxes, 2014 IEEE/ASME International Conference on Advanced Intelligent Mechatronics (2014), pp. 1616-1621 | DOI

[16] S. Nandi; R. M. Bharadwaj; H. A. Toliyat Performance analysis of a three-phase induction motor under mixed eccentricity condition, IEEE Trans. Energy Convers., Volume 17 (2002) no. 3, pp. 392-399 | DOI

[17] R. R. Schoen; T. G. Habetler; F. Kamran; R. G. Bartfield Motor bearing damage detection using stator current monitoring, IEEE Trans. Ind. Appl., Volume 31 (1995) no. 6, pp. 1274-1279 | DOI

[18] S. H. Kia; H. Henao; G.-A. Capolino Gearbox monitoring using induction machine stator current analysis, 2007 IEEE International Symposium on Diagnostics for Electric Machines, Power Electronics and Drives (2007), pp. 149-154 | DOI

[19] R. Yacamini; K. S. Smith; L. Ran Monitoring torsional vibrations of electro–mechanical systems using stator currents, J. Vib. Acoust., Volume 120 (1998) no. 1, pp. 72-79 | DOI

[20] N. Feki; G. Clerc; Ph. Velex An integrated electro–mechanical model of motor-gear units—applications to tooth fault detection by electric measurements, Mech. Syst. Signal Process., Volume 29 (2012), pp. 377-390 | DOI

[21] G. Kron Equivalent circuits for the hunting of electrical machinery, Trans. Amer. Inst. Electr. Eng., Volume 61 (1942) no. 5, pp. 290-296 | DOI

[22] J. R. Ottewill; A. Ruszczyk; D. Broda Monitoring tooth profile faults in epicyclic gearboxes using synchronously averaged motor currents: mathematical modeling and experimental validation, Mech. Syst. Signal Process., Volume 84 (2017), pp. 78-99 | DOI

[23] A. Gao; Z. Feng; M. Liang Permanent magnet synchronous generator stator current AM–FM model and joint signature analysis for planetary gearbox fault diagnosis, Mech. Syst. Signal Process., Volume 149 (2021), 107331

[24] D. Ramya; R. Basha; M. L. Bharathi Fault diagnosis of induction motor drive using motor current signature analysis, ICASISET 2020, 16–17 May 2020, Chennai, India (2021)

[25] J. Lin; R. G. Parker Analytical characterization of the unique properties of planetary gear free vibration, J. Vib. Acoust., Volume 121 (1999) no. 3, pp. 316-321 | DOI

[26] M. Iglesias; A. Fernandez del Rincon; A. De-Juan; A. Diez-Ibarbia; P. Garcia; F. Viadero Advanced model for the calculation of meshing forces in spur gear planetary transmissions, Meccanica, Volume 50 (2015) no. 7, pp. 1869-1894 | DOI | MR | Zbl

[27] N. Feki Modélisation électro–mécanique de transmissions par engrenages: applications à la détection et au suivi des avaries, Ph. D. Thesis, INSA, Lyon (2012)

[28] P. Barret Régimes Transitoires des Machines Tournantes Électriques, Eyrolles, Paris, 1987, 209 pages

[29] A. A. Ansari; D. M. Deshpande Mathematical model of asynchronous machine in MATLAB Simulink, Int. J. Eng. Sci. Technol., Volume 2 (2010) no. 5, pp. 1260-1267

[30] A. Hammami; A. Fernandez Del Rincon; F. Chaari; M. I. Santamaria; F. V. Rueda; M. Haddar Effects of variable loading conditions on the dynamic behaviour of planetary gear with power recirculation, Measurement, Volume 94 (2016), pp. 306-315 | DOI

[31] B. Merainani; D. Benazzouz; C. Rahmoune Early detection of tooth crack damage in gearbox using empirical wavelet transform combined by Hilbert transform, J. Vib. Control, Volume 23 (2017) no. 10, pp. 1623-1634 | DOI

[32] D. Miljković Brief review of motor current signature analysis, HDKBR Info Mag., Volume 5 (2015) no. 1, pp. 14-26

[33] W. T. Thomson On-line current monitoring to detect electrical and mechanical faults in three-phase induction motor drives, Proceedings of International Conference on Life Management of Power Plants, December 1994 (1994), pp. 66-73 | DOI

[34] A. Bellini; F. Filippetti; C. Tassoni; G.-A. Capolino Advances in diagnostic techniques for induction machines, IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., Volume 55 (2008) no. 12, pp. 4109-4126 | DOI

Cited by Sources:

Comments - Policy