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Comptes Rendus. Mécanique

Synthèse
Knee joint injury risk assessment by means of experimental measurements and proper generalized decomposition
Comptes Rendus. Mécanique, Tome 349 (2021) no. 2, pp. 345-369.

Human joints in general and the human knees particularly are subjected to impacts and wear on a daily basis, specifically during jumping. Considering their inefficient healing and the lack of effective replacements, knee joints became a hot topic for biomechanics research. Multiple works aim to model the knee joint behavior in the literature either experimentally or through finite elements simulations. In this work, we study the effects of the Lebanese folkloric dance Dabke jumping and compare it to vertical jumping. Moreover, we tackle the modeling and simulation of a tibiofemoral knee joint under impact using optimized inverse dynamics and the Brinkman model in the biphasic synovial joint domain. This joint model is mainly made of cartilage, a meniscus (both biphasic low permeability materials), and viscous synovial fluid. Because of the degenerated shape in the thickness direction, classical methods require a large number of degrees of freedom to correctly reproduce the knee behavior. To circumvent this problem, proper generalized decomposition (PGD) model reduction techniques are used to simulate the knee synovial joint. A smart, physically based morphing of space is used to accelerate the simulation process using model reduction techniques. The result of the work is a three-dimensional simulation of the velocity and pressure fields inside the synovial domain, as well as the loads and risks in every muscle and ligament. The experimental results are coupled to the simulations one to derive the main risks involved in both vertical jumping and Dabke jumping.

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Révisé le :
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DOI : https://doi.org/10.5802/crmeca.89
Mots clés : Knee simulation, Impact, Proper generalized decomposition, Biphasic materials, Jumping risk, Shoe effect
@article{CRMECA_2021__349_2_345_0,
     author = {Chady Ghnatios and Ilige Hage and Najib Metni},
     title = {Knee joint injury risk assessment by means of experimental measurements and proper generalized decomposition},
     journal = {Comptes Rendus. M\'ecanique},
     pages = {345--369},
     publisher = {Acad\'emie des sciences, Paris},
     volume = {349},
     number = {2},
     year = {2021},
     doi = {10.5802/crmeca.89},
     language = {en},
}
Chady Ghnatios; Ilige Hage; Najib Metni. Knee joint injury risk assessment by means of experimental measurements and proper generalized decomposition. Comptes Rendus. Mécanique, Tome 349 (2021) no. 2, pp. 345-369. doi : 10.5802/crmeca.89. https://comptes-rendus.academie-sciences.fr/mecanique/articles/10.5802/crmeca.89/

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