Comptes Rendus
Optical telecommunications/Les télécommunications optiques
Holey optical fibres: Fundamental properties and device applications
Comptes Rendus. Physique, Volume 4 (2003) no. 1, pp. 175-186.

The presence of wavelength-scale holes in the transverse profile of a holey fibre can lead to novel optical properties that cannot be achieved in more conventional forms of optical fibre. Examples of such properties include broadband single-mode guidance, the extremes of fibre nonlinearity, from fibres providing tight mode confinement to those offering large mode areas, and a range of remarkable dispersive properties, including broadband flattened dispersion, anomalous dispersion below 1.3 μm, and large normal dispersion values at 1.55 μm. Fundamentals and recent progress are reviewed, ranging from design and fabrication through to applications and devices based on this emerging fibre type.

La présence de trous à l'échelle de la longueur d'onde dans le plan transverse d'une fibre « éponge » peut produide des propriétés optiques nouvelles qu'on ne pourrait obtenir avec des fibres de formes plus conventionnelle. Les exemples de telles propriétés sont un guidage unimodal à bande large, des caractéristiques non-linéaires extrêmes telles qu'un fort confinement modal ou bien une grande aire modale effective, et un ensemble de propriétés dispersives remarquables telle qu'une dispersion aplatie large-bande, qu'une dispersion anormale en-dessous de 1,3 μm et que des dispersions normales à 1,55 μm. Nous passons en revue les aspects fondamentaux ainsi que les récents progrès effectués, de la conception et la fabrication aux applications et aux composants basés sur ce nouveau type de fibre.

Received:
Published online:
DOI: 10.1016/S1631-0705(03)00004-5
Keywords: Micro-structured optical fibres, Holey optical fibres, Photonic crystal fibres, Fibre design and fabrication, Nonlinear fibre devices
Mot clés : Fibres optiques micro-structurées, Fibres « éponge », Fibres à crystal photonique photonic, Conception et fabrication (des fibres), Composants non-linéaires à fibre

Tanya M. Monro 1; David J. Richardson 1

1 Optoelectronics Research Centre, University of Southampton, SO17 1BJ, UK
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Tanya M. Monro; David J. Richardson. Holey optical fibres: Fundamental properties and device applications. Comptes Rendus. Physique, Volume 4 (2003) no. 1, pp. 175-186. doi : 10.1016/S1631-0705(03)00004-5. https://comptes-rendus.academie-sciences.fr/physique/articles/10.1016/S1631-0705(03)00004-5/

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