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Comptes Rendus. Physique
Bottom-up nanocolloidal metamaterials and metasurfaces at optical frequencies
Comptes Rendus. Physique, Volume 21 (2020) no. 4-5, pp. 443-465.

Part of the special issue: Metamaterials 1

Metamaterials and metasurfaces are artificial composite media engineered to exhibit extraordinary properties of wave propagation. In bulk (3D) metamaterials, such extreme properties may result from non-conventional values of effective homogeneous optical parameters such as the electric permittivity and the magnetic permeability. These features generally originate in the collective response of the constitutive structural elements, which have to be of sub-wavelength dimensions to satisfy the requirement of optical homogeneity, and which have to be highly polarizable to provide efficient optical functions. For visible light applications, sub-wavelength dimensions imply structuration at the nanoscale whereas high polarizability can be achieved by optical resonators such as plasmonic or Mie resonators. Metasurfaces, on the other hand, are 2D equivalent of metamaterials, designed to control the phase, amplitude and possibly polarization of incident EM waves with subwavelength thickness, using interfacial discontinuities effects. This review shows how the bottom-up approach based on nano-chemistry and the self-assembly methods of colloidal physical-chemistry can be used to produce nano-sized tunable magneto-electric resonators which can subsequently be assembled in bulk nanostructured metamaterials as well as in optically thin metasurfaces. Focusing mainly on work carried out at the University of Bordeaux over the past decade, we review some of the optical properties observed in visible light from the fabricated systems. Specific optical experiments and numerical simulations are of crucial importance for the design of the most efficient structures and the extraction of the effective optical parameters.

Les métamatériaux et les métasurfaces sont des milieux composites conçus pour posséder des propriétés optiques extraordinaires. Dans le cas des métamatériaux tridimensionnels, les propriétés nouvelles peuvent résulter de valeurs non conventionnelles des paramètres optiques effectifs tels que la permittivité diélectrique et la perméabilité magnétique. Elles proviennent en général de la réponse collective d’inclusions fortement polarisables de dimensions sub-longueur d’onde afin d’assurer une réponse optique homogène. Dans le spectre de la lumière visible, cette contrainte implique une structuration des matériaux à l’échelle nanométrique. Une forte polarisabilité peut être assurée par des résonances optiques plasmoniques ou de Mie. Les métasurfaces sont les équivalents bidimensionnels des métamatériaux conçus pour contrôler la phase, l’amplitude et si possible la polarisation des ondes transmises ou réfléchies. Cette revue, centrée essentiellement sur les travaux réalisés depuis une décennie à l’Université de Bordeaux, montre comment l’approche dite “bottom-up” fondée sur la nano-chimie et les méthodes d’auto-assemblage de la physico-chimie colloïdale permet de produire des résonateurs magnéto-électriques accordables de dimensions nanométriques et de les assembler pour former des métamatériaux ou des métasurfaces résonants. En parallèle, le développement de simulations numériques et leur association à des mesures optiques spécifiques sont des éléments cruciaux pour la conception des nanostructures les plus efficaces ainsi que l’extraction de leurs paramètres optiques effectifs.

Published online:
DOI: 10.5802/crphys.21
Keywords: Metamaterials, Metasurfaces, Self-assembly, Colloids, Bottom-up, Optical resonances
Alexandre Baron 1; Ashod Aradian 1; Virginie Ponsinet 1; Philippe Barois 1

1 Univ. Bordeaux, CNRS, Centre de Recherche Paul Pascal, UMR 5031, 33600 Pessac, France
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Alexandre Baron; Ashod Aradian; Virginie Ponsinet; Philippe Barois. Bottom-up nanocolloidal metamaterials and metasurfaces at optical frequencies. Comptes Rendus. Physique, Volume 21 (2020) no. 4-5, pp. 443-465. doi : 10.5802/crphys.21. https://comptes-rendus.academie-sciences.fr/physique/articles/10.5802/crphys.21/

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