Comptes Rendus
Applications of synchrotron X-ray nano-probes in the field of cultural heritage
Comptes Rendus. Physique, Volume 19 (2018) no. 7, pp. 575-588.

Synchrotron-based techniques are increasingly used in the field of cultural heritage, and this review focuses notably on the application of nano-beams to access high-spatial-resolution information on fragments sampled in historical or model artworks. Depending on the targeted information, various nano-analytical techniques can be applied, providing both identification and localization of the various components. More precisely, nano-X-ray fluorescence probes elements, nano-X-ray diffraction identify crystalline phases, and nano X-ray absorption spectroscopy is sensitive to speciation. Furthermore, computed tomography-based techniques can provide useful information about the morphology and in particular the porosity of materials.

Le domaine du patrimoine bénéficie de plus en plus des techniques utilisant le rayonnement synchrotron. Cette revue se concentre sur les nano-sondes, qui permettent des analyses précises de fragments prélevés sur des œuvres historiques ou modèles. Selon l'information souhaitée, de nombreuses techniques nano-analytiques peuvent être utilisées, donnant simultanément accès à l'identification et à la localisation des différents composants. Plus précisément, la nano-fluorescence, la nano-diffraction et la nano-spectroscopie d'absorption des rayons X sondent respectivement la composition élémentaire, les structures cristallines et la spéciation. Parallèlement, les techniques basées sur la tomographie par rayons X caractérisent la morphologie et, en particulier, la porosité des matériaux.

Published online:
DOI: 10.1016/j.crhy.2018.07.002
Keywords: Synchrotron, Nano-probe, Cultural heritage, X-ray fluorescence, X-ray diffraction, X-ray absorption spectroscopy
Mot clés : Synchrotron, Nano-sonde, Patrimoine, Fluorescence des rayons X, Diffraction des rayons X, Spectroscopie d'absorption des rayons X
Marine Cotte 1, 2; Anaïs Genty-Vincent 3; Koen Janssens 4; Jean Susini 1

1 European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF), BP 220, 38043 Grenoble cedex, France
2 Sorbonne Université, CNRS, Laboratoire d'archéologie moléculaire et structurale (LAMS), UMR 8220, 75005 Paris, France
3 Centre de recherche et de restauration des musées de France (C2RMF), Palais du Louvre, 75001 Paris, France
4 Department of Chemistry, AXES Research Group, University of Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium
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Marine Cotte; Anaïs Genty-Vincent; Koen Janssens; Jean Susini. Applications of synchrotron X-ray nano-probes in the field of cultural heritage. Comptes Rendus. Physique, Volume 19 (2018) no. 7, pp. 575-588. doi : 10.1016/j.crhy.2018.07.002. https://comptes-rendus.academie-sciences.fr/physique/articles/10.1016/j.crhy.2018.07.002/

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